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What is basic lighting?

In the complex world of lighting design, basic lighting is an essential concept. Basic lighting forms the core of a thoughtfully and functionally lit space. This lighting category plays a crucial role in creating a pleasant and well-lit environment. But what exactly does basic lighting entail and why is it so important? In this article, we dive deeper into basic lighting, its characteristics and how it affects spaces.

What is basic lighting?

Basic lighting, also known as general lighting, is the foundation of any lighting plan. The primary purpose of this type of lighting is to illuminate (evenly) the entire room. Lighting that improves overall visibility and orientation. It is usually provided by direct light sources, such as ceiling lights, wall lights, recessed spotlights or linear lighting systems. The result is an even light image that minimizes shadowing.

What do you use general lighting for?

Basic lighting performs several important functions in living and working environments. It not only provides the clarity needed to perform your everyday tasks, but also adds to the overall atmosphere of the room. Some key benefits of basic lighting include:

Overall visibility

Basic lighting allows us to see our surroundings and move in them without effort. Without light no life we often say.

Spatial definition

et illuminates the entire room and defines its contours, creating a sense of openness and spaciousness. A dark environment often appears much smaller than it actually is.

Comfort and convenience

A well-lit environment makes it easier to perform activities. Whether it’s cooking in the kitchen, working in the office or buying new clothes. Everything goes easier in a well-lit space.


Basic lighting plays a role in ensuring safety, especially in stairwells or hallways, for example. Just try walking up or down a flight of stairs without a clear view of the step. That’s a lot harder!

In practice

The application of basic lighting can vary widely based on the function and characteristics of a room. A well thought out lighting plan takes into account the specific needs and goals of each environment. Let’s look at some examples of how basic lighting can be applied in a specific way:

Residential lighting

In living rooms and bedrooms, basic lighting creates a welcoming and comfortable environment. Ceiling or wall lights can be used to evenly illuminate the entire room, while dimmable designer fixtures adjust the mood to different activities.

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Maurice Arons